Jana Gana Mana–The Indian National Anthem.
This is something I have not heard before and am surprised to know!
Of course when we say the anthem, we mean our Motherland,so we should not be too perturbed.If nothing else,the lines below merit an introspection.
Our national anthem, 'Jana Gana Mana', is sung throughout the country.Did you know the following truths about it? I didn't.
I have always wondered who is the 'Adhinayak'and 'Bharat Bhagya Vidhata',
whose praise we are singing. I have always thought it might be Motherland India! But there is more!
To begin with,Jana Gana Mana, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honor of King George V and the Queen of England when they visited India in 1919.(a fact not known to many!)To honour their visit, Pandit Motilal Nehru had five stanzas included that are in praise of the King and Queen. (And most of us think it is in praise of our great motherland.)
In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e., Punjab, Sindh,Gujarat, Maratha, were mentioned. None of the princely states, which are integral parts of India now, such as Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore and Kerala, were recognized. Neither the Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea were included because they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time. Jana Gana Mana implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata, or 'the bestower of good fortune'.
Here is a translation of the five stanzas that glorify the King:Stanza 1: The (Indian) people wake up remembering your good name and ask for your blessings and they sing your glories.(Tava shubha name jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha)
Stanza 2: Around your throne, people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.
Stanza 3: Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travellers beyond misery.
Stanza 4: Drowned in deep ignorance and suffering, this poverty stricken, unconscious country,waiting for the wink of your eyeand our mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
Stanza 5: In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet, O Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).
This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland, but depicts a bleak picture of it, as analysed by a lot of people. When you sing Jana Gana Mana, whom are you glorifying? Certainly NOT the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not indicate that. It is time now to understand the original purpose and theimplication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the past 65 years.
Maybe we should shift to Vande Mataram or Saare Jahan Se Achcha, which are far better compositions in praise of India.
Please send this to as many Indians as possible and let's see how many people know about this.
(PS: This is a forwarded mail (duly corrected of typographical errors and amended where necessary) was NOT written to raise any controversy, nor to undermine the national anthem.)